Stonehenge And The Summer SolsticeStonehenge is the most architecturally sophisticated stone circle and the best known prehistoric monument in the world. Built more than 5,000 years ago, it became a World Heritage Site in 1986 and is undoubtedly one of the Wonders of the World.
It is a sacred place of religious, spiritual and cultural significance and last year more than 23,000 spent the Summer Solstice celebrating in front of Stonehenge on the Salisbury Plains.
The Neolithic people built this complex engineering masterpiece before the times of machinery… The stones used at the site are believed to have come from as far as the Preseli Hills in South West Wales – more than 150 miles from the heritage site!
How did they do it?
There are two options for how the stones were transported, either through glacier movement or through sheer human effort and endurance. It is an ongoing debate and there is no 100% evidence either way... Geologists are currently searching for tool marks at Stonehenge and the Preseli Hills in order to proove that the rocks were extracted and transported by humans!
Why did they do it?
The reason for the erection of Stonehenge is as of yet unproven and there are many possible options.
Was it a coronation place for Danish Kings? A Druid temple? A cult center for healing? The most commonly accepted belief now is that Stonehenge was a prehistoric temple aligned with the movement of the sun.
It is estimated that all over the world there are hundreds of structures built with stone circles, temples and inner rooms that align with the sun during its major annual stages, Stonehenge is one of these.
Therefore during the Summer Solstice, Stonehenge is a highly recommended place to view the sun aligning perfectly with the stones during sunrise.
As an icon for power and achievement it inspires a strong sense of awe and humidity for those who choose to visit. The spirituality behind Stonehenge and the sheer power felt by being in its presence is something that draws a crowd year after year.